<title> Hydrogen Fuel Cars</title>

Hydrogen Fuel Cars

Hydrogen Fuel Cars

A hydrogen vehicle is a vehicle which is using hydrogen as the fuel as the source of power. Hydrogen is not a new fuel. It is known a long time ago and it is used in the rocket technology. Between two world wars, because it is lighter than air, it was used for the airships, balloons and zeppelins.

Hydrogen Fuel Cars

The ideas for the hydrogen as a fuel for the personal car are not older than few decades. The basic idea is a converting of the stored hydrogen chemical energy to mechanical energy by reacting with oxygen in the fuel cell and making electricity, or simple burning the hydrogen in the combustion engine.

Some scientists are even proposing a new economy based on the hydrogen power. The name for this new economy is hydrogen economy. There are ways of making hydrogen without using fossil fuels which mean that hydrogen powered economy will not pollute our environment with carbon dioxide.

Hydrogen Fuel Cars

Hydrogen Fuel Cars

In our opinion there are some problems for the hydrogen economy and for the hydrogen propelled cars. Hydrogen is a high flammable gas which needs a special (read: expensive) storage facilities, gas tanks and refilling stations. This means that besides every gasoline and diesel station there will be need for the new hydrogen station. This will make the new hydrogen economy very expensive at the start because this entire infrastructure is an enormous investment in the infrastructure. Some authorities in this field are even speaking about another big corporation game for more profits without solving the real problems.

Another problem is the low energy content of the hydrogen. Some contemporary cars which are using hydrogen for a fuel have autonomy of only a hundred of miles, but other prototypes had autonomy of more than 300 miles.

Today there is no global car producer which is not having research and development facilities for the hydrogen fuel cells.

Hydrogen Fuel Cars

Hydrogen Fuel Cars


Hydrogen Fuel Cars

Hydrogen Fuel Cars


The GM is not only a fuel cell researcher and producer but they are developing the completely new approach to the hydrogen powered vehicle. Their concept of the hydrogen vehicle is now a decade old and they are rolling hundreds of prototypes which are now on the roads in use of the massive research and test program. The draw backs for GM are that the fuel cell is still expensive for manufacturing and there are no refuelling stations for the hydrogen.

Tata Motors in their European Research Centre is currently producing buses and light trucks with fuel cells and the test runs are on the way.
Toyota has a plan to have more than 100 fuel cell vehicles on the road by 2012 and Honda is not only producing a hydrogen cars but also have a working prototype for the hydrogen refuelling station.

The hydrogen station is equipped with solar panels which are producing electric power which is used to split the water to hydrogen and oxygen. Then the hydrogen is stored until the hydrogen powered vehicle needs it. The prototype of this station in this phase of development is producing 500 ml of hydrogen. With this quantity, hydrogen car can satisfy the daily needs of the common commuter in USA.

Hydrogen Fuel Cars

Hydrogen Fuel Cars


Hydrogen Fuel Cars

Hydrogen Fuel Cars


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Comments

  1. Zachary Alexander says:

    The arguments in this article are misleading. Oil is highly subsidized and consumers are insulated from the true costs. All common transportation fuels are flammable. Gasoline is flammable. However, it a lot more difficult to burn hydrogen than it is to burn natural gas and/or gasoline. The energy density of hydrogen is on the order of two to three times better than gasoline. This means that government is trying to improve fuel mileage to 35 miles per gallon. While, the hydrogen equivalent is a minimum of 68 miles per gallon today.

  2. Marko says:

    I do not agree with Mr. Alexander.
    Hydrogen is somehow better than gasoline or diesel fuel, but in order to produce hydrogen there are also a need for energy. So in order to produce energy we need energy. My personal opinion is that the efforts toward cleaner transportation need to be focused on the second and even third generation of bio fuels, like bio diesel from jatropha, mustard, coconut, palm or other oil plants. Also algae are promising good results, but we are 3-4 years far from any commercial use of the algae bio fuel. There are also much advances in the ethanol production form all alternative sources like: miscanthus, switch grass, straw and many other biomass products.